In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a specialized procedure performed by a Reproductive Endocrinologist at a fertility clinic. Simplified, the process consists of an egg retrieval (or use of donor egg), fertilization and a single resulting embryo is transferred back with the hope of resulting in a healthy pregnancy. In vitro fertilization (IVF) was first used in 1978 and since, over 5 million babies have been born worldwide.
With IVF, a woman uses fertility drugs to stimulate her ovaries and produce multiple eggs which are retrieved and fertilized in the lab. She may also choose to instead use donor eggs. Once fertilizated, the embryos grow in the lab for a number of days and then one is placed back in woman’s uterus to hopefully implant and develop into a healthy pregnancy.
IVF success rates rely on a number of factors, with the age of the woman making the biggest impact. The following summarizes IVF pregnancy rates by age (as compared to traditional pregnancy rates by age) in U.S. Fertility Clinics in 2012, as published by the CDC:
IVF Pregnancy Rates using fresh, non-donor eggs:
- Women under 35 – 54.0%
- Women 35-37 – 45.6%
- Women 38-40 – 37.9%
- Women 41-43 – 27.0%
- Women 43-44 – 14.5%
- Women over 44 – 7.8%
IVF is expensive, but there are ways to manage the costs. IVFAdvantage allows you to undergo up to four cycles for one low price and apply for financing.